Nystagmus in an infant can represent both normal physiology and an alarming symptom for an underlying serious, but rare, disease. Though the majority of cases of nystagmus are considered congenital or infantile, 20% of nystagmus cases are acquired and require a full neurological workup.
Can nystagmus in babies go away?
Congenital nystagmus is often mild but some kids may need corrective lenses for vision problems. Acquired nystagmus can be caused by a reaction to certain drugs, medications, or alcohol. In most cases, acquired nystagmus goes away after the cause has been treated.
Why do babies get nystagmus?
Causes include congenital cataracts, problems with the retina or optic nerve, and severe refractive errors. Congenital sensory nystagmus usually occurs at around 2 to 3 months of age and continues throughout life, according to the American Academy of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus (AAPOS).
Is infantile nystagmus constant?
Infantile nystagmus (IN), a constant involuntary to-and-fro movement of the eyes that persists throughout life, is one of three types of early-onset nystagmus that begin in infancy.
When should I worry about nystagmus?
When nystagmus is a new symptom and occurs with new dizziness or vertigo, the patient should get prompt medical attention. People experiencing pendular nystagmus for the first time should see a neurologist or neuro-ophthalmologist.
Do newborns move their eyes a lot?
Your newborn baby’s eye movements may not be well coordinated at first. Their eyes may move independently of each other, and this is perfectly normal. It takes time for your newborn baby to learn to use their eyes and strengthen their eye muscles.
Can nystagmus be normal?
This is normal nystagmus, occurring after 6 months of age. It includes end-point and optokinetic nystagmus. End-point nystagmus is the nystagmus associated with extreme positions of gaze. It is a fine jerk nystagmus with the fast phase being in the direction of the gaze.
Can babies with nystagmus see?
Children with nystagmus typically see the world similarly to other children, but with some blurriness. To the surprise of many parents and caretakers, in congenital nystagmus the world does not actually appear to be “shaking” to the child.
When is nystagmus normal?
It usually occurs between 6 months and 3 years of age and improves on its own between 2 and 8 years of age. Children with this form of nystagmus often nod and tilt their heads. Their eyes may move in any direction.
Does nystagmus get worse?
Most people with nystagmus have some useful vision and normally nystagmus doesn’t get worse with age. Your vision can vary in quality when you have nystagmus, depending on which direction you’re looking in or whether you’re looking at something far away or close up.
How common is nystagmus?
Nystagmus has an incidence rate of at least 1 in 1,000 people in the general population and is the most common form of visual impairment among school aged children. The condition affects both men and women, although some forms of nystagmus, such as X-linked infantile nystagmus may be more common in boys.
How is nystagmus diagnosed?
Nystagmus can be diagnosed using a comprehensive eye exam. During the exam, your optometrist will discuss your current health, ask about any medications you are currently taking, and ask you about any external factors that may be affecting your vision.
Is nystagmus a serious condition?
Congenital or inherited nystagmus is not typically associated with serious medical conditions. However, acquired nystagmus may be a sign of a serious medical condition, including severe head trauma, toxicity, stroke, inflammatory diseases, or other conditions that affect the brain.
What is nystagmus indicative of?
It may be a sign of another eye problem or medical condition. You may be born with it, or you might develop it later in life. Nystagmus is caused by many different things, including: Being passed down from your parents. Other eye issues, like cataracts or strabismus.