There is no standard life expectancy for microcephalic babies because outcomes depend on so many factors, and the severity of the condition can range from mild to severe. Babies with mild microcephaly may still meet the same milestones like speaking, sitting and walking as a child without the disorder.
What is the life expectancy of someone with microcephaly?
The prognosis for a child who has microcephaly depends on the other medical conditions the child has. In general, life expectancy for children who have microcephaly is reduced, and the prospects of attaining normal brain function is poor. Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 01/09/2019.
Can a baby with microcephaly be normal?
Some children with microcephaly are of normal intelligence and development, even though their heads will always be small for their age and sex. But depending on the cause and severity of the microcephaly, complications may include: Developmental delays, such as in speech and movement.
Does microcephaly cause death?
Of the 6059 live births with confirmed and possible cases of microcephaly/CZS, 603 of them evolved to death during the study period (Figure 1). The case fatality rate in this period was 10% (95% CI 9.2–10.7) overall, 2.9% in 2015, 10.3% in 2016 and 20.7% in 2017.
Who is the oldest person with microcephaly?
Paul, Minnesota, have three daughters, the oldest and youngest of whom have microcephaly. They were advised to abort when DuCharme was 16 weeks pregnant with their third daughter – doctors detected that the fetus had a smaller-than-average head and said they saw a hole in the brain.
Does microcephaly shorten your life?
Does a baby with microcephaly have a shorter life expectancy? There is no standard life expectancy for microcephalic babies because outcomes depend on so many factors, and the severity of the condition can range from mild to severe.
Can someone with microcephaly have normal intelligence?
Microcephaly is a condition where a baby’s head is much smaller than normal. It is most often present at birth (congenital). Most children with microcephaly also have a small brain and an intellectual disability. Some children with small heads have normal intelligence.
Can microcephaly be treated?
There is no known cure or standard treatment for microcephaly. Because microcephaly can range from mild to severe, treatment options can range as well. Babies with mild microcephaly often don’t experience any other problems besides small head size.
When can you tell if baby has microcephaly?
Early diagnosis of microcephaly can sometimes be made by fetal ultrasound. Ultrasounds have the best diagnosis possibility if they are made at the end of the second trimester, around 28 weeks, or in the third trimester of pregnancy. Often diagnosis is made at birth or at a later stage.
Do babies with microcephaly smile?
Marques said that head control, the ability to lift and support the head without help, in babies with microcephaly was “quite rare.” Having a social smile and eye contact is less rare, he said, depending on the type of visual damage and on whether they receive enough visual stimulation to strengthen their ability to …
What is the mortality rate of microcephaly?
The case fatality rate for a newborn with microcephaly was 5.8% (16/274). The fatality rate was higher for female (6.5%, 11/170) than male newborns (2.9%, 3/104).
Is microcephaly hereditary?
Microcephaly is an autosomal recessive gene disorder. Autosomal means that boys and girls are equally affected. Recessive means that two copies of the gene, one from each parent, are needed to have the condition. Some genetic disorders that cause microcephaly are X-linked.
What does microcephaly do to the brain?
Signs and symptoms of microcephaly may include a smaller than normal head circumference that usually remains smaller than normal as the child grows, dwarfism or short stature, delayed motor and speech functions, mental retardation, seizures, facial distortions, hyperactivity, balance and coordination problems, and …
Why do I have a small head compared to my body?
Microcephaly most often occurs because the brain does not grow at a normal rate. The growth of the skull is determined by brain growth. … Conditions that affect brain growth can cause smaller than normal head size. These include infections, genetic disorders, and severe malnutrition.
What percentage is microcephaly?
Microcephaly affects about 2 to 12 in 10,000 babies (less than 1 percent) in the United States.
What percentile is considered microcephaly?
Microcephaly is defined as a head circumference 2 standard deviations (SDs) below the mean for age and sex or roughly less than the 2nd percentile.