Children can develop thrombocytopenia if the bone marrow doesn’t make enough platelets, the body destroys too many platelets or the spleen retains too many platelets. These problems can result from: Diseases affecting the immune system. Infections.
What is the most common cause of low platelet count?
Platelets stop bleeding by clumping and forming plugs in blood vessel injuries. Thrombocytopenia might occur as a result of a bone marrow disorder such as leukemia or an immune system problem. Or it can be a side effect of taking certain medications. It affects both children and adults.
What is a low platelet count in a child?
Platelets stop bleeding in the body by forming clots. When the platelet count is low, your child may be at risk for bleeding. A normal platelet count is between 150,000 and 300,000.
Does low platelets always mean cancer?
Normal platelet levels in your blood are important for your health. You can develop a low platelet count if your body does not make enough platelets or if your body loses or destroys platelets. A low platelet count is a common side effect of cancer and treatment. For example, chemotherapy can lower your platelet count.
What virus causes low platelets?
This so called idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) or platelet autoantibody-induced thrombocytopenia has been described for HCV, HIV, CMV, EBV, hantavirus, varicella zoster virus, herpes viruses, and severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (38).
When should I be concerned about low platelet count?
A low platelet count is considered anywhere below 150,000 platelets per microliter. Mild bleeding risk occurs with 50,000 platelets per microliter and below. Serious bleeding risk occurs if platelet count drops to 10,000 to 20,000 platelets per microliter or lower.
How long does it take platelets to increase?
Platelets in the bloodstream live approximately eight to 10 days and are rapidly replenished. When levels are low, they most often return to normal in around 28 to 35 days (unless another chemotherapy infusion is received), but may take up to 60 days to reach pre-treatment levels.
What does low platelets indicate?
When a platelet count is below 50,000, bleeding is more serious if you’re cut or bruised. If the platelet count falls below 10,000 to 20,000 per microliter, spontaneous bleeding may occur and is considered a life-threatening risk. If you have a very low platelet count, you may be given platelets through a transfusion.
How common is thrombocytopenia kids?
Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is a relatively common childhood illness, with an annual incidence of 1.9–6.4 per 100,000 children. (1) A diagnosis of ITP can be made when isolated thrombocytopenia (platelet count < 100 × 109/L) occurs in the absence of identifiable and specific precipitants.
What is wrong if you have low platelets?
When you don’t have enough platelets in your blood, your body can’t form clots. A low platelet count may also be called thrombocytopenia. This condition can range from mild to severe, depending on its underlying cause. For some, the symptoms can include severe bleeding and are possibly fatal if they’re not treated.
What do Leukemia spots look like?
Leukemia cutis appears as red or purplish red, and it occasionally looks dark red or brown. It affects the outer skin layer, the inner skin layer, and the layer of tissue beneath the skin. The rash can involve flushed skin, plaques, and scaly lesions. It most commonly appears on the trunk, arms, and legs.
Do low platelets make you feel tired?
Thrombocytopenia (low platelet count) definition and facts. Symptoms and signs of thrombocytopenia may include fatigue, bleeding, and others.
What is the alarming level of platelets?
A normal platelet count ranges from 150,000 to 450,000 platelets per microliter of blood. Having more than 450,000 platelets is a condition called thrombocytosis; having less than 150,000 is known as thrombocytopenia. You get your platelet number from a routine blood test called a complete blood count (CBC).
What foods to avoid if you have low platelets?
- Canned and frozen foods and leftovers. The nutritional value of food deteriorates with time.
- White flour, white rice and processed foods. …
- Hydrogenated, partially hydrogenated or trans-fats. …
- Sugar. …
- Dairy products. …
- Meat. …
- Alcoholic beverages. …
- Foods that can interfere with blood clotting.
How do I raise my platelet count?
Several vitamins and minerals can encourage a higher platelet count, including:
- Folate-rich foods. Share on Pinterest Black-eyed peas are a folate-rich food. …
- Vitamin B-12-rich foods. …
- Vitamin C-rich foods. …
- Vitamin D-rich foods. …
- Vitamin K-rich foods. …
- Iron-rich foods.
Is it normal for platelets to fluctuate?
It is important that platelet counts not be done too often since the levels fluctuate, sometimes quite widely. One week the platelets may be 27, the next week 51, and the week after that 18 without any change in the person’s treatment or bleeding.