What causes low muscle tone in a child?

Many children with low muscle tone have delays in their gross motor development (e.g. rolling, sitting, walking). Low muscle tone may be caused by problems with the nerves or muscles. Often the low muscle tone is idiopathic, which means the cause is unknown.

What is low muscle tone a symptom of?

Hypotonia means decreased muscle tone. It can be a condition on its own, called benign congenital hypotonia, or it can be indicative of another problem where there is progressive loss of muscle tone, such as muscular dystrophy or cerebral palsy.

How can I help my child with low muscle tone?

Children with low muscle tone may need a variety of therapies to help them reach their potential.

Gross motor activities:

  1. Bounce on a therapy ball. This activity requires the help of an adult to stabilize the child as they sit on the ball. …
  2. Animal walks. …
  3. Tug of war. …
  4. Laundry. …
  5. Play with a ball.


Is low muscle tone genetic?

“Through my residency and clinical experience,” Cohn says, “I realized a whole lot of patients out there have low muscle tone and not necessarily a skeletal-muscle disorder.” In fact, hypotonia is associated with over 600 known genetic conditions, and potentially many more yet unnamed conditions.

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Is low muscle tone a disability?

Some children with benign congenital hypotonia have minor developmental delays or learning disabilities. These disabilities may continue through childhood. Hypotonia can be caused by conditions that affect the brain, central nervous system, or muscles.

How do you fix low muscle tone?

Treatment for low muscle tone

A physiotherapist or occupational therapist can offer strategies and suggestions to help your child maximise their muscle tone. Warm-up activities can improve your child’s endurance by helping to activate the muscles.

Can a child with hypotonia walk?

Will my child ever walk? Although some severe cases of hypotonia confine people to wheelchairs for their entire life, the majority of kids learn to walk. It will simply be on their own schedule.

Can low muscle tone cause speech delays?

Children with low muscle tone have to work harder to stabilize their joints and move against gravity. This is why children with low muscle tone can be delayed in motor, feeding, and verbal skills (don’t forget that your lips, cheeks, and tongues are muscular as well).

Does low muscle tone mean autism?

Low Muscle Tone: About 30 percent of children with autism have moderate to severe loss of muscle tone, which can limit their gross and fine motor skills. Pain: Some people with autism have very high pain thresholds (insensitivity to pain), while others have very low pain thresholds.

How do I know if my baby has low muscle tone?

Signs of hypotonia in a child include:

  1. having little or no control of their neck muscles, so their head tends to flop.
  2. feeling limp when held, as though they could easily slip through your hands.
  3. being unable to place any weight on their leg or shoulder muscles.
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Does low muscle tone mean cerebral palsy?

Hypotonic CP is a form of cerebral palsy that causes hypotonia, also known as low muscle tone. It leaves your child’s muscles too relaxed. And these “floppy” muscles can make everyday movements difficult as well as exhausting. This causes many kids with hypotonic CP to reach milestones (crawling, standing, etc.)

Can you outgrow low muscle tone?

Will My Child Outgrow Low Muscle Tone? No, it doesn’t just go away. That’s because muscle tone doesn’t really change.

Is hypotonia a neurological disorder?

Hypotonia (decreased muscle tone) is a symptom rather than a condition. It can be caused by a number of underlying problems, which can either be neurological or non-neurological. Neurological conditions are those that affect the nerves and nervous system.

Conclusions: Hypotonia is a recognizable marker of ASD and may serve as a “red flag” to prompt earlier recognition and neurodevelopmental evaluation toward an autism diagnosis.

How does low muscle tone affect speech?

Hypotonia can affect the ability to move oral structures like the jaw, lips, and tongue. It can also affect the quality and rate of speech, often resulting in slurred or slowed speech.

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