The condition of having abnormally stiff muscles that are difficult to move is called hypertonia. In infants, hypertonia can be caused by a multitude of health problems, but typically results from damage to the nervous system. Hypertonia is also a symptom of cerebral palsy, Erb’s palsy, and kernicterus (jaundice).
Is it normal for babies to stiffen their legs?
This rare type of seizure occurs during an infant’s first year (typically between 4 and 8 months). Your baby may bend forward or arch her back as her arms and legs stiffen. These spasms tend to occur when a child is waking up or going to sleep, or after a feeding.
What does it mean when a baby is stiff?
If your child seems stiff or rigid, he may have what’s described as high muscle tone (hypertonia), which means that his muscles are chronically contracted. You may notice that your child holds his hands in tight fists or that he seems unable to relax certain muscles.
Can hypertonia in babies be cured?
Outlook With Hypertonia and Hypertonia
The treatment and prognosis of the condition will be unique to each person depending on the underlying cause and how it impacts their life. Hypotonia may be able to improve with pharmacologics and therapy. But the underlying conditions are usually permanent.
Can babies with hypertonia walk?
Hypertonia is increased muscle tone, and lack of flexibility. Children with Hypertonia make stiff movements and have poor balance. They may have difficulty feeding, pulling, walking, or reaching.
Why does my baby stiffen up and grunt?
At first, a newborn’s stomach muscles are not strong enough to do this, so they use the diaphragm muscle to move their bowel. As they exercise the diaphragm, it can put pressure on the voice box, resulting in grunting.
How do I know if my baby has Hypertonia?
- Difficulty moving around.
- Awkward movements.
- Muscle resistance when your child tries to move.
- Muscle spasms.
- Uncontrolled crossing of the legs.
Is it normal for a baby to be stiff?
High muscle tone causes the baby to be stiff and rigid. Newborn babies with this condition may have difficulty with mobility and flexing. A stiff baby is often called hypertonic or is said to have “stiff baby syndrome.”
What are the symptoms of Hypertonia?
The symptoms associated with hypertonia include;
- Loss of function.
- Decreased range of movement.
- Rigidity of muscles.
- Spasticity of muscles.
- Tenderness and pain in the affected muscles.
- Rapid muscle contractions.
- Involuntary crossing of legs.
Does Hypertonia always mean cerebral palsy?
A baby with muscle tone that is too tight or rigid may have hypertonia. Hypertonia is a condition that essentially is the opposite of hypotonia. If left untreated, hypertonia can cause severe health issues in your child. Hypertonia may also indicate cerebral palsy.
What causes hypotonia babies?
Neurological conditions that affect the central nervous system and can cause central hypotonia include: cerebral palsy – neurological problems present at birth that affect a child’s movement and co-ordination. brain and spinal cord injury – including bleeding in the brain.
How can I reduce Hypertonia?
Treatment interventions for upper limb hypertonicity include stretching, splinting, strengthening of antagonist muscles, oral medications, and focal injections (phenol or botulinum toxins). Intrathecal baclofen may also impact upper limb tone.
Can you grow out of Hypertonia?
In some cases, such as cerebral palsy, the hypertonia may not change over the course of a lifetime. in other cases, the hypertonia may worsen along with the underlying disease If the hypertonia is mild, it has little or no effect on a person’s health.
What does hypotonia look like?
Hypotonia, or poor muscle tone, is usually detected at birth or during infancy. It’s sometimes called floppy muscle syndrome. If your infant has hypotonia, they may appear limp at birth and not be able to keep their knees and elbows bent.
What can untreated Hypertonia lead to?
Untreated hypertonia can lead to loss of function and deformity. Treatment can include physical and/or occupational therapy or medications. Injections of botulism toxin (botox) are sometimes used in the treatment for chronic hypertonia in cerebral palsy and other disorders. Also known as spasticity.