Newborn screening allows health professionals to identify and treat certain conditions before they make a baby sick. Most babies with these conditions who are identified at birth and treated early are able to grow up healthy with normal development.
Why is newborn screening important?
WHY IS NEWBORN SCREENING IMPORTANT? Newborn screening helps us find babies who have certain serious medical conditions so that they can begin treatment right away. In most cases, these babies look normal and healthy at birth. They usually do not begin showing symptoms until a few weeks or months later.
Why is it important to have newborns tested for the genetic disorders in a newborn screen?
With a simple blood test, doctors can check for rare genetic, hormone-related, and metabolic conditions that can cause serious health problems. Newborn screening lets doctors diagnose babies quickly and start treatment as soon as possible.
What are the disadvantages of newborn screening?
If newborns are not screened early on, they may suffer tragic consequences, including brain damage, developmental and physiological delays, breathing problems, and even death.
What are the diseases included in newborn screening?
Newborn screening tests may include:
- Phenylketonuria (PKU). PKU is an inherited disease in which the body cannot metabolize a protein called phenylalanine. …
- Congenital hypothyroidism. …
- Galactosemia. …
- Sickle cell disease. …
- Maple syrup urine disease. …
- Homocystinuria. …
- Biotinidase deficiency. …
- Congenital adrenal hyperplasia.
What is tested in newborn screen?
Newborn screening tests look for developmental, genetic, and metabolic disorders in the newborn baby. This allows steps to be taken before symptoms develop. Most of these illnesses are very rare, but can be treated if caught early.
Can autism be detected in newborn screening?
Diagnosing autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can be difficult because there is no medical test, like a blood test, to diagnose the disorder. Doctors look at the child’s developmental history and behavior to make a diagnosis. ASD can sometimes be detected at 18 months or younger.
What does an abnormal newborn screening mean?
An “abnormal” result means that the test results were not normal. “Abnormal” results may appear on the newborn screening report for some of the disorders on the newborn screening panel.
What happens if a newborn screening test comes back positive?
A “positive” or “out-of-range” result means that the baby’s screening exam did show signs that the baby may be at higher risk of having one or more of the conditions included on the newborn screening panel. This does not mean that the baby definitely has a medical condition.
Can I refuse newborn screening?
All states require screening to be performed on newborns, but most will allow parents to refuse for religious purposes. Any decision to decline or refuse testing should first be discussed with a health professional, since newborn screening is designed to protect the health of the baby.
How many disorders are there in newborn screening?
What is Expanded Newborn Screening (ENBS)? The expanded newborn screening program increased the screening panel of disorders from six (6) to more than twenty-eight.
Are newborn screening tests mandatory?
To ensure the health of all its newborns, state law requires that all babies born in California have the Newborn Screening Test.