Low levels of vitamin K can lead to dangerous bleeding in newborns and infants. The vitamin K given at birth provides protection against bleeding that could occur because of low levels of this essential vitamin.
Is a vitamin K shot necessary for newborns?
Yes, health experts recommend that all newborns get a dose of vitamin K at birth. Babies aren’t born with enough of this important vitamin, which is needed for blood to clot normally.
Why do babies have low vitamin K at birth?
At birth, babies have very little vitamin K stored in their bodies because only small amounts pass to them through the placenta from their mothers. The good bacteria that produce vitamin K are not yet present in the newborn’s intestines.
Can you refuse vitamin K shot?
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends intramuscular (IM) injection of vitamin K at birth to eliminate Vitamin K Deficiency Bleeding in Newborns (VKDB). In recent years, reports of parents refusing the vitamin K injection for their newborns in the United States (U.S)2–4 and other countries have increased.
Why do they give babies vitamin K?
Vitamin K helps the blood to clot and prevents serious bleeding. In newborns, vitamin K injections can prevent a now rare, but potentially fatal, bleeding disorder called ‘vitamin K deficiency bleeding’ (VKDB), also known as ‘haemorrhagic disease of the newborn’ (HDN).
Why is the vitamin K shot bad?
The risks of the vitamin K shot are the same risks that are part of getting most any other shot. These include pain or even bruising or swelling at the place where the shot is given. A few cases of skin scarring at the site of injection have been reported.
What muscle is vitamin K given in newborns?
The most reliable way to give babies vitamin K is by one injection into the muscle in the leg (intramuscular injection). One injection just after birth will protect your baby for many months. It is possible to give babies vitamin K by mouth (orally).
Do babies get vitamin K from breast milk?
Do infants get enough Vitamin K from breast milk? No. Breast milk is low in vitamin K. Breast milk from mothers who are taking vitamin K supplements is also low in vitamin K.
Who is at risk of vitamin K deficiency?
Although vitamin K deficiency is uncommon in adults, certain people are at increased risk if they: take coumarin anticoagulants such as warfarin, which thins the blood. are taking antibiotics. have a condition that causes the body to not absorb fat properly (fat malabsorption)
How many babies have died from vitamin K shot?
About one in five babies who develop late vitamin K deficiency bleeding die, and two of every five who survive have long-term brain damage.
What are the side effects of vitamin K injection?
Pain, swelling, or soreness at the injection site may occur. Temporary flushing, taste changes, dizziness, rapid heartbeat, sweating, shortness of breath, or bluish lips/skin/nails may also rarely occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.
Is vitamin K shot linked to leukemia?
We conclude that there is no convincing evidence that neonatal vitamin K administration, irrespective of the route by which it is given, influences the risk of children developing leukaemia or any other cancer.
Is vitamin K required by law?
Vitamin K prophylaxis is mandated for all newborns because the condition it prevents is life-threatening and intervention is very safe. There is anecdotal evidence that some parents may have reservations about the shot.
How long do babies need vitamin K drops?
Oral vitamin K has to be given in a three-dose course over the first four – six weeks and there is a risk that babies will miss out on the second or third doses and therefore not complete the course.
What is given to a newborn at birth?
The hepatitis B vaccine (HepB) is a series of three different shots. The American Academy of Pediatrics and the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) recommend that all newborns get the first HepB shot before leaving the hospital. If the mother has HBV, her baby should also get a HBIG shot within 12 hours of birth.
Can parents refuse vitamin K?
Vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB) is a preventable coagulopathy, but some parents refuse this service, and this has resulted in cases of (VKDB).