Cellulitis occurs in otherwise healthy children and does not necessarily mean your child has a weak immune system. Cellulitis often occurs when skin is broken, such as with insect bites, eczema and small cuts and abrasions. These things occur commonly in children, which is why cellulitis is common.
Why do babies get cellulitis?
Cellulitis is a deep bacterial infection of the skin. The infection usually involves the face, or the arms and legs. It may happen in normal skin, but it usually occurs after some type of trauma causes an opening in your child’s skin. Other causes may include human or animal bites, or injuries that occur in water.
What is the main cause of cellulitis?
Cellulitis is usually caused when bacteria enter a wound or area where there is no skin. The most common bacteria that cause cellulitis include: Group A ß – hemolytic streptococcus (Strep)
How did my child get cellulitis?
Your child gets a large cut or a deep puncture wound. An animal bites your child, especially if the puncture wound is deep. Cellulitis can happen quickly after an animal bite. Human bites can cause skin infections too, so call the doctor if this happens.
What does cellulitis look like in babies?
Symptoms can occur a bit differently in each child. They can include: Skin that is swollen, painful, or warm. Skin that looks red, bruised, dimpled, or blistered.
What does cellulitis look like?
Cellulitis initially appears as pink-to-red minimally inflamed skin. The involved area may rapidly become deeper red, swollen, warm, and tender and increase in size as the infection spreads. Occasionally, red streaks may radiate outward from the cellulitis. Blisters or pus-filled bumps may also be present.
How is pediatric cellulitis treated?
Mild cases of pediatric cellulitis can be treated with clindamycin, cephalexin, dicloxacillin, amoxicillin or penicillin. In cases where Staphylococcus aureus, especially MRSA, is suspected, Shriner and Wilkie recommended trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, doxycycline or clindamycin.
Who is prone to cellulitis?
Certain conditions raise the risk of developing cellulitis and other skin infections. Those conditions include having a weakened immune system, having a history of cellulitis or other skin problems, obesity and overweight, lymphedema, and use of illicit injectable drugs.
Will cellulitis go away on its own?
Can cellulitis go away on its own? Cellulitis can go away on its own, but it will likely take longer to heal without treatment than it would if you took antibiotics. In the meantime, you run the risk of the infection worsening and even getting into your bloodstream, which can be life-threatening.
What should you avoid if you have cellulitis?
Don’t use hydrogen peroxide or alcohol, which can slow healing. If you have swelling in your legs (edema), support stockings and good skin care may help prevent leg sores and cellulitis. Take care of your feet, especially if you have diabetes or other conditions that increase the risk of infection.
When should I be concerned about cellulitis?
See a doctor if you have symptoms of cellulitis. Seek medical attention immediately if the red area of the skin spreads quickly or you develop a fever or chills.
What bug causes cellulitis?
Cellulitis occurs when bacteria, most commonly streptococcus and staphylococcus, enter through a crack or break in your skin. The incidence of a more serious staphylococcus infection called methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is increasing.
When should you go to the hospital with cellulitis?
Call 999 for an ambulance or go to your nearest accident and emergency (A&E) department immediately if: your face or the area around your eye is affected. your symptoms are getting rapidly worse. you experience other symptoms in addition to the changes in your skin, such as a fever or vomiting.
How do I know if my child has cellulitis?
Signs and symptoms of cellulitis
- Cellulitis usually starts as a small, swollen area of pain or warmth, with redness on the skin.
- As this red area begins to spread, your child may start to feel sick and get a fever.
- They may have swollen glands (lymph nodes) near the area of infected skin.
How is pediatric edema treated?
How is edema treated?
- diuretics: medicine that rids the body of extra fluid through urination.
- limiting the amount of salt in the child’s water, to discourage water retention.
- avoiding very hot and very cold temperatures, and sudden temperature changes.
How fast does cellulitis heal?
Cellulitis should go away within 7 to 10 days after you start taking antibiotics. You might need longer treatment if your infection is severe due to a chronic condition or a weakened immune system. Even if your symptoms improve within a few days, take all the antibiotics your doctor prescribed.