When should I take metformin during pregnancy?
Studies suggest that women using metformin during the second trimester for the treatment of gestational diabetes are not expected to have higher chances of pregnancy complications. The use of metformin through delivery has been associated with a risk of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) in the baby.
Is it OK to start metformin while pregnant?
Metformin has a very low risk of birth defects and complications for your baby, making this drug safe to take before and during pregnancy. Metformin is also safe to take while breastfeeding your child.
What are the side effects of taking metformin while pregnant?
The most common side effects of metformin are:
- stomach pain.
- gastrointestinal changes.
How much metformin is safe during pregnancy?
Dosage. Dosages of between 1,500 milligrams (mg) to 2,000 mg daily are typical, depending on a woman’s insulin resistance and risks of side effects. 2 Many women taking metformin report having upset stomach, nausea, and diarrhea—especially with higher doses.
Is it OK to take folic acid and metformin together?
Metformin therapy has been shown to deplete vitamin B12, and sometimes, but not always, folic acid as well. People taking metformin should supplement vitamin B12 and folic acid or ask their doctor to monitor folic acid and vitamin B12 levels.
How quickly does metformin work?
Metformin does not instantly reduce blood sugar levels. The effects are usually noticeable within 48 hours of taking the medication, and the most significant effects take 4–5 days to occur. However, the timing depends on the person’s dosage.
Should I stop metformin when pregnant?
ANSWER. Despite the traditional response that all oral hypoglycemic agents are absolutely contraindicated during pregnancy,1-3 evidence that metformin is probably safe during the first trimester of pregnancy and beyond is accumulating.
How effective is metformin for pregnancy?
The rate of early pregnancy loss in the metformin group was 11.6% compared with 36.3% in the control group (P < 0.0001; odds ratio = 0.23, 95% confidence interval 0.11–0.42).
Can I take metformin and prenatal vitamins together?
No interactions were found between metformin and Prenatal Multivitamins. This does not necessarily mean no interactions exist. Always consult your healthcare provider.
What is the normal blood sugar level for a pregnant woman?
For the three-hour test: A normal fasting blood glucose level is lower than 95 mg/dL (5.3 mmol/L). One hour after drinking the glucose solution, a normal blood glucose level is lower than 180 mg/dL (10 mmol/L).
Does metformin cause small babies?
Another study found that babies born to women with gestational diabetes mellitus and treated with metformin had smaller babies at the time of delivery than women with gestational diabetes mellitus who were treated with insulin.
Can metformin cause miscarriage?
Only 9 (5 percent) of the 211 women who completed the study in the metformin group experienced late miscarriage or preterm birth, compared with 23 (10 percent) of 223 women who received the placebo, the investigators reported.
Is metformin or insulin better during pregnancy?
Maintaining blood sugars in the normal range decreases these pregnancy complications. We hypothesize that metformin will achieve similar levels of blood sugar control compared to insulin. In doing so, metformin will prevent the increased risk of pregnancy complications associated with T2DM in pregnancy.
What pregnancy category is metformin?
Metformin has no known fetal teratogenicity and no known fetal harm, although it crosses the placenta readily, and it is unbound in serum (19). It remains Food and Drug Administration Category B during pregnancy.
Does metformin cause weight loss during pregnancy?
Nausea, diarrhea, and hypoglycemia were reported in approximately 11-17% of women and 56-63% reported dissatisfaction with the medication. Conclusion: Women with GDM lost approximately 6 kg by 6 weeks’ postpartum. This was similar in both groups and resulted in <50% of women achieving their prepregnancy weight.